Robert Murphy over at Free Advice has a great article on science and politics. In it, he mentions game theory, which is a good starting point for a post of my own.
There are two concepts that need defined: epistemology (briefly, the theory of knowledge) and worldview (the framework of ideas and beliefs through which an individual interprets the world and interacts with it).
As I see things, your worldview supersedes your epistemology. In other words, your epistemology is defined by your worldview. Some examples:
If you believe, as I do, that the Bible is God's word -- that is it truth in all matters (worldview), your view of the creation v. evolution debate is always viewed from God's word. Your belief in creation (epistemology) follows directly from your biblical worldview. Fair enough.
As an adherent of the Austrian school of economic thought, I view conclusions flowing from game theory through an epistemology that says government can never be the efficient solution -- to anything.
So, when the efficient solution to a game (such as the prisoner's dilemma) includes a benevolent power that guides or coordinates players, I reject the solution out of hand. Why? No such earthly power exists. To propose government as the solution (government is always the implied benevolent power) is nonsense.
Just because a problem appears to carefully stated, and its solution elegant, does not mean logic has been refuted.
Check your worldview. Make certain that it is built on a solid foundation of truth -- the Bible being truth.
Note: For those who see a non sequitur above, keep in mind that the truths of Austrian economics are contained in my biblical worldview. So, in the social sciences, Austrian economics is my epistemology, fully covered by my biblical worldview.
No non sequitur here folks.